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stroke

Stroke

Introduction

A stroke is caused by a portion of the brain being starved of oxygen. This can be due to a burst blood vessel or a clot blocking a blood vessel. The lack of oxygen causes damage to the brain. The long-term effects of a stroke depend on what part of the brain and how much tissue is affected.

Recognition and treatment

Step 1 of 5: Look for

·         To recognise if someone has suffered a stroke, use the FAST (Face, Arms, Speech, Time) test. 

Step 2 of 5: Look at their face

·         Ask them to smile

·         If they have had a stroke, they may only be able to smile on one side; the other side of the mouth may droop.

Step 3 of 5: Ask them to raise both arms

·         Ask them to raise both arms

·         If they have had a stroke, they may only be able to lift one arm. 

 

Step 4 of 5: Find out whether they can speak

·         Ask them to speak

·         If they have had a stroke, they may struggle to respond appropriately.

 

Step 5 of 5: Time to call 999/112

·         Call 999/112 for emergency help

·         Tell operator you have used the FAST test and suspect a stroke.

·         Keep them comfortable and supported.

 

 

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